On the 2nd December after the end of the second national lockdown English regions were placed into three Tiers depending on how badly each area was affected by Covid 19.
This visualisation explores how the cases rates changed between the second lockdown ending and the third lockdown begining. Patterns emerge which appear to show how being placed in a lower tier at the start of this period resulted in a case rates rising faster than in regions under striceter conditions.
It's worth noting that the government used several criteria, not just case rates to decide the tiers.
England's second lockdown ends at 12.01am, and the second tier system is adopted.
With a 7 day rolling average of 519 cases per 100k people, Medway has the highest case rate in England.
Within days it is clear that case rates in Tier Two areas are rising faster than in Tier Three areas.
While case rates are starting to fall in Tier 3 areas, cases are continuing to rise in Tier 2 areas.
Meanwhile most Tier 2 areas are beginning to rise quickly
Cases continue to rise accross all Tier Two areas.
Meanwhile, the majority of areas in Tier Three see their case rates decrease or stay the same.
The majority of Tier Two areas now have a higher case rate than the median Tier Three case rate.
London, and parts of Essex and Hertfordshire, are placed into Tier Three. All of these areas started this period in Tier Two and these regions now make up the majority of the worst affected areas in the country.
Thirty four of the thirty six areas with the highest case rates were initially placed into Tier Two.
Just three days after the last tier changes several more south eastern areas move from Tier Two into Tier Three, while two areas which began in Tier Three are able to be moved to Tier Two.
Areas within London, the South East and the East of England go into new stricter Tier Four restrictions.
All but two of the areas now in Tier Four were initially placed into the more lax Tier Two restrictions when lockdown ended.
Conversely, all but two of the areas which were initially placed in Tier Three (the highest when lockdown ended) have managed to remain in Tier Three or lower.
One of the few areas in Tier Four to begin trending downwards is Medway, which was never placed into the more lax Tier Two restrictions.
Several more areas are moved into higher tiers after rules are briefly relaxed for Christmas Day.
By the 29th December cases are beginnng to rise rapidly accross all regions.
An additional 43 areas are moved into Tier Four restrictions, meanaing a total of 44 million people in England are now living under the toughest measures
Cases continue to rise rapidly with the new Covid variant and the relaxing of restrictions at Christmas appearing to pay a part.
The Prime Minister announces that a new lockdown will begin at Midnight.
A third lockdown begins for all regions.